The UK government came under fire on Monday for freezing the BBC license fee, with critics accusing it of a politically motivated attack to save the prime minister's job.
The Conservatives' Culture Secretary Nadine Dorries said the £159 (around P11,000) annual fee would be fixed for two years until 2024, then rise in line with inflation for the next four.
She justified the funding cut, which BBC bosses called "disappointing", as needed to ease cost of living pressures on cash-strapped families and reflect a transformed media landscape.
Is the license fee really at the heart of the cost of living crisis or is this really about their long-term vendetta against the BBC?
But opposition parties said the monthly payments for all television set owners -- equivalent to £13.13 a month (P921) -- was small change compared to looming tax rises and soaring energy bills totalling thousands of pounds a year.
Labour's media spokeswoman Lucy Powell said the government was seeking to appease critics of Boris Johnson, whose position is in jeopardy due to revelations about lockdown-breaking parties at Downing Street.
"Is the license fee really at the heart of the cost of living crisis or is this really about their long-term vendetta against the BBC?" she asked in parliament.
"It's at the heart of Operation Red Meat to stop the prime minister becoming dead meat," she added, referring to a reported government fight-back plan of populist measures to boost Johnson's standing.
The BBC, which marks its centenary later this year, has come under increasing claims from right-wingers since the UK's divisive Brexit referendum in 2016 for political bias, and pushing a "woke", London-centric liberal agenda.
But the public service broadcaster, founded by Royal Charter and operating independently of government, has faced similar accusations from the political left.
Critics accused Dorries, a Johnson loyalist who leaked details of the plan on Twitter on Sunday night after a torrid week for the prime minister, of "cultural vandalism" and wrecking a world-renowned British institution.
Dorries has previously accused the BBC of "tokenism" in diversity hiring and elitist "group think" but denied she wanted to dismantle the corporation.
The license fee funds BBC television, radio and online services, as well as programming, many of which are exported commercially worldwide.
Supporters maintain it provides excellent value for money, and a range of services from news and current affairs to wildlife documentaries, children's output, drama and music.
But opponents, including rival commercial broadcasters, have long complained that its guaranteed funding model, which criminalises non-payers, is unfair.
Nearly £3.7 billion (P249 billion) was raised by the license fee in 2019, accounting for about three-quarters of the BBC's total income of £4.9 billion (P344 billion).
The remainder came from commercial activities.
Under its Royal Charter, the BBC's mission is "to act in the public interest", providing "impartial, high-quality and distinctive" content, which will "inform, educate and entertain" everyone who pays the flat-rate fee.
Critics accused Dorries of political opportunism, exploiting long-standing government grievances against BBC news reporting -- and failing to suggest an alternative funding model.
Johnson's government initially refused to offer Cabinet ministers for interview on BBC radio's flagship morning program.
Dorries said discussions about a new future funding model from 2028 will start "shortly" but change was needed because of evolving media consumption and technological advances.
"This is 2022, not 1922," she said, calling for a more representative organisation that is supported countrywide "not just the London bubble", and compete with streaming giants such as Netflix and Amazon Prime.
BBC chairman Richard Sharp and director-general Tim Davie said the two-year freeze means the BBC will now have to "absorb inflation", raising the prospect of cuts to jobs and services.
"That is disappointing –- not just for license fee payers, but also for the cultural industries who rely on the BBC for the important work they do across the UK," the BBC officials said in a statement.